About our Lessons

The Risks inherent in Outdoor Activities:
Outdoor Activities and Ocean Activities carry an increased risk of accident, injury, permanent disability and death. All activities in the ocean and near-shore environment and the use of water sports equipment carry considerable risk. Read the page Assumption of Risk Disclosure.
Acceptance of Risk:
Anyone engaging in or contemplating participating in any ocean activities should take into account and evaluate the potential for increased personal risk, and accept the responsibility and the possibility of severe injury, disability, and even death.
Misuse of information:
We will not be liable, in negligence or howsoever, for loss, damage, liability or inconvenience suffered by you or any other person resulting from any action or decision by you in reliance upon the information on this website.
Expectations and Goals:
When making your bookings please tell us your; experience level, expectations, goals, physical condition, and any special needs. This helps us to schedule you with the best instructor and advise you on the most suitable lesson or course. At the beginning of your lesson or camp, tell your instructor the same information so they can better tailor the lesson for you. Your instructor should be able to advise you if your expectations are realistic, and what may be achievable goals. Give your instructor feedback during the lesson, if the pace is too fast or too slow. If you are tired or cold or suffering any pain or discomfort. They may be able to modify the pace to suit you. For safety reasons, the majority of safety information and training cannot be skipped.
If you have previous experience and/or safety training:
If you have previous experience and safety training, tell your instructor. Your instructor may still quiz you to test your knowledge or have you attempt to demonstrate a certain skill prior to the activity. This step is vital to ensure that any essential safety information or training steps are not skipped. If you are unsure of your level of training, tell your instructor that you are unsure. Also tell them if you lack confidence in any area of your previous training, or if you may have forgotten any previously covered skills or information. This is common after taking a long break from regular participation in an activity, especially a technical one.
Refresh, Revise, and Repeat:
It is always better to revisit any area of training that you are unsure of. Repeating and revisiting any skill or lesson will also lead to a deeper level of understanding. Most people need to hear the same information repeated or practice a skill many times before it becomes permanent. Muscle memory and long-term recall rely on the repetition of the information and the repetition of the action. Never overstate your ability or level of training, it is potentially dangerous to do so. Never hide any health problems. It is always best for you to fully disclose your situation to the instructor. Let your instructor know when you are getting out of your comfort zone or are having problems of any kind. Please be aware that results vary from lesson to lesson and according to each individual participant.
Physical Stress of the Activity:
Outdoor sports regularly require moderate to high physical activity. Participants will occasionally find themselves in situations that require bursts of exertion. Examples: like swimming for a board or moving quickly to duck under a wave etc. There are also prolonged physical exertions that may last for the duration of the activity, and limited endurance and early onset of fatigue may become factors in the participant’s ability to function safely in the proposed activity. Participants should cease any activity before they reach their physical limits.
Fitness for the Activity:
 Participants should be fit enough to be able to carry and lift their equipment, walk over uneven surfaces, and walk through soft sand, and may be required to climb onto boats or over obstacles. Each participant should possess a reasonable degree of flexibility, dexterity, and agility. There may be situations requiring sudden movements, reaching, bending, twisting, pushing and pulling, higher than normal loads on knees, and joints. Extremes of posture and hyperextensions, and even holding prolonged postures that may become uncomfortable. It is up to the individual participant to keep their level of activity within the reasonable expectations of their health and physical condition. Check in with their body and avoid any potentially injurious actions.
Fear, Anxiety, Stress:
If you have any fear, anxiety or stress, it could negatively affect your performance and could inhibit your ability to respond safely in emergency situations. This could lead to accidents and injuries. Tell your instructor if you have doubts, fear, anxiety, or stress, related to the activity, or for any other reason. Fear and stress need to be considered and managed when participating in any ocean activity and when performing any complex tasks, like ocean sports.
If you have any doubts about your ability:
 If you have any doubts about your ability to perform a required task you should immediately inform your instructor. There may be an alternate action or motion available that could help you to avoid stressing a particular part of your body. Or, your instructor may advise you to do a different type of lesson (example: change from group lesson to a private lesson) or, they may advise you to postpone the lesson until different conditions present themselves. Instructors are not medical advisers, so any serious concerns or chronic motion limitations or problems you have should be addressed to sports medicine experts.
Accidents and injuries:
Each participant should report any accidents to the instructor, even seemingly minor ones. Examples: falling hard, getting hit by a board, blow to the abdomen, bumping their head or neck, twisting or hyper-extending joints. Fainting, loss of consciousness, getting winded, crunching sounds from ribs etc, cuts, heavy bruises, nose-bleeds etc. Even seemingly simple accidents and injuries can become complicated, and could even become life-threatening in the open water environment. Example: fainting or loss of consciousness in the water can lead to drowning. So please take all accidents seriously and report them to your instructor. Immediately report any vomiting, bleeding such as nosebleeds or cuts etc.
Physical limitations and Health:
Each participant is responsible for determining their ability to perform the required activity. If you have any doubts as to your physical ability to engage in these activities you should first consult your doctor. Please inform us about your physical status and health especially if you have any issues.
We do not recommend any of our activities for women who are pregnant. We do not recommend any of our activities to people who have been recently hospitalized for any major injury or illness. Do not go into the water if you have stitches, open wounds, or recent tattoos. Do not engage in any of these activities if you are having back or neck pain, or have a history of chronic back or neck problems. Do not consume alcohol prior to participating in these sports, your impaired performance could cause an accident or injury to yourself or others. Do not attempt these sports if you have taken any medications or substances that could adversely affect your judgement, coordination, reflexes, or balance.
Warning signs/symptoms:
It is the responsibility of the participant to inform their instructor and stop the activity if they are having any neck or back pain, tingling, numbness, difficulty breathing, lightheadedness, panic attack, or any other medical symptom. If a participant requires any medications, they should be sure to bring them along and have them available if needed. Tell the instructor, stop the activity, and get out of the water, if you experience any of the following symptoms: nose-bleeds, bleeding cuts, severe pain, loss of vision, loss of feeling, blackout, vertigo, faintness, severe nausea, or vomiting. As any of these symptoms could indicate a more severe medical problem.
Surfer’s Myelopathy:
Surfer’s myelopathy (SM) is a rare non-traumatic spinal cord injury caused by hyperextension of the back. When the back is hyperextended, a blood vessel leading to the spine can become kinked, depriving the spinal cord of oxygen. The condition gets its name because the phenomenon is most often seen in those surfing for the first time, but it can be caused by any activity in which the back is hyperextended. To help reduce the chance of injury surfers should not stay in the hyper-extended position for extended periods, and should instead sit on their boards, and move around and change body positions frequently. This promotes better blood circulation to the spine. Students should stop surfing if they experience tingling numbness loss of control or movement in the limbs or extremities. Students should inform the instructor of any change in physical condition, including numbness/tingling etc, and ask to stop the activity. If the numbness/tingling stays medical treatment should be sought immediately. It is better to seek medical assistance quickly rather than wait. Better safe than sorry.
Physical Conditioning:
In general, low impact type exercise like; Walking, Cycling, Swimming, and gentle Yoga type exercises supervised by a professional might be beneficial to prepare the body for the activities. Physical conditioning should commence well in advance of participation in the activities. Any program of physical exercise should be recommended by a doctor or sports training professional. Individual exercise needs and limitations vary from person to person.
Preparation for the activity:
It might be prudent to have a physical examination if you have not engaged in regular physical activities for a while. Regular exercise, warm-ups, and gentle stretching are advisable to help prevent strain type injuries. Before any outdoor activity participants should be sufficiently rested, hydrated, and nourished.
Proper Hydration:
It is recommended that all participants drink plenty of water before going to the beach or participating in any outdoor activities, to ensure adequate hydration. medical conditions become more dangerous when a person is dehydrated.  Dt might be prudent here is evidence that suggests that Risk of Stroke and Heart Attack may increase with dehydration, especially in older persons. This theory might suggest a factor leading to the alarming increase in Snorkelling fatalities among older people on Maui. In the last several months 16 drownings occurred in a 2-week period earlier this year. Many people forget to stay hydrated and this can cause a dangerous condition.
During the activity:
During prolonged activities, breaks can be taken for water, food, or to take any necessary medications. The individual participant should monitor their own physical condition and state prior to and during all activities. Participants should always alert their instructor when they are reaching their limits, or when they require a rest break. it is the responsibility of the participant to stop the activity when they have any physical/medical reason to.
Bumps & Scrapes:
Outdoor activities can often expose participants to the likelihood of injury. Small injuries are inevitable. Bumps and bruises, rashes, rubs, scrapes, and scratches, can occur unexpectedly at any time. Board bangs, fins, stubbed toes, stepping on rocks and coral. Sunburn, scrapes, rashes, stings, bumps, and bruises are all part of the package when you engage in any ocean sports. If you have lowered immune system you may get increased risk of infections from cuts exposed to seawater and beach sand etc. Or if you have a problem with bleeding, you should take maximum precautions to protect your skin, and prevent other injuries. We recommend covering as much skin as possible. Wearing booties, rash guards, board shorts, lycra pants or wetsuits, and helmets, and jackets when appropriate will save you from most bumps, nicks, stings, and scrapes. And can help prevent sunburn too. If you get any kind cut or scrape, it is advisable to treat it with appropriate antiseptic or antibiotic, and first aid.  (This is not medical advice, but good common sense).
Extended use of Gear:
After lessons, we may allow some extended gear use. The following conditions apply: Extended use is subject to the instructor’s discretion, and only if favorable weather conditions exist. Extended gear use is for Adults only. Children (under 14) may not use the gear unsupervised at any time. Extended gear use after a lesson is intended only for use at the same location, and gear may not be taken elsewhere. Extended gear may not be shared with or used by other people. Only the person from the lesson may use the equipment. In most cases, it is better to rest after the lesson, because fatigue will generally lead to an increased likelihood of mistakes, leading to more accidents and potential injuries. Students are always 100% responsible for the gear while it is in their care, inside and outside of the lesson. Students must properly and completely return all the gear to the school. Students must pay for damages and/or replacement cost for any damaged, lost, non-returned, or stolen gear.
Size limitations and Gear:
Really lightweight people & really heavy people may have difficulty getting suitable equipment. Wherever possible we will accommodate the student, however, please disclose at the time of the booking if you weigh over 220 pounds (100 kgs), or are significantly lighter than an average person etc. To help us provide a safer and better lesson, we should know the age weight and height of students and approximate physical condition. If you are too small for our protective gear, or to light handle the sail sizes, wind or wave conditions it may become a safety issue. If you are too large for our equipment, we will try to find larger gear, and there may an additional charge. If you are too large for any equipment available we will try to let you know as politely as possible so you will not be frustrated by the experience. And it diminishes our ability to render assistance in case of emergency. In general, our maximum weight limit is a fit 230 pounds. All participants in any water activity must be able to swim. If you are a weak swimmer just let us know. You may be asked to sign a declaration of fitness.